The history of photography has been told many times, but never before through the incomparable collection of photographs at The Museum of Modern Art. As the second volume in a set of three books that together present a new and comprehensive history of photography through works MoMA¬ís collection, this publication charts the medium during the height of the modernist period, from 1920 to 1960. The Museum¬ís significant role in the development of photography, and its complicity in the construction of a canon that championed photography as an art form (but also eclipsed certain alternative or unfamiliar practices) requires a reconsidered history for the 21st century. This book offers a fresh lens through which to appreciate works of exceptional significance, surprise and influence, encouraging creative new readings. The book begins with an in-depth introduction followed by seven chapters of fullcolor plates, each introduced by a short essay. Masterworks by such photographers as Henri Cartier-Bresson appear alongside lesser-known gems, and diverse notions of modernism enrich classic interpretations, so that the beautiful fictions and messy realties of photography are complicated, refreshed, and, above all, enjoyed.